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考研英语阅读解题秘籍:细节题

发布时间:2017-05-09  来源:未知  作者:重庆会计之家

  由历年考研英语真题可知,阅读理解部分的试题中,大多数是针对段落的细节设计的,其目标是为了测试考生对组成段落的主体部分的懂得。在每年的考试中,细节题的数目是最多的,大概占50%,其中波及对文章中复杂句、列举、例证、引用、转折、因果关联等的处置,因此做好这类题至关重要。

  另外,细节题的测试在另一方面也能够考核考生对段落构造的理解水平,哪些是帮助论点,哪些是主要脉络,只有对这些细节有一定的懂得,我们才干更深刻地体会文 章。文章的细节并不是孤立的,它总要与其余事实前后照应,一般来说,作者总会把平等性质的事实放在一起,并借助不同的衔接手腕进行组合,从而到达说服读者 或说明观点的目的。其发问方式不过乎有以下几种:

  The author provides following examples except …

  According to the author, all of the following are true except (that)____.

  Which is among the best possible ways to…?

  Which of the following would NOT be an example____?

  Which of the following is the LEAST likely…?

  对于细节题我们要从词义与语法(句法)着手,从这个角度来说,此类考题又可被细划分以下几个细类:

  1. 因果标志语

  表因果关系的标志词可详细分为:

  (1)表原因

  because of, since, for, as, now that, seeing that, owing to, caused by, the main reason for…is

  (2)表成果

  hence, thus, so, therefore, consequently, as a consequence, accordingly, for that reason

  2. 结论标志语

  in general, generally speaking, in short, in a word, to be brief in all, in simple words

  3. 转折与对照题

  but, however, nevertheless, otherwise, dissimilarly, unlike, on the contrary, in contrast, in opposition to, on the opposite side

  4. 比较类型标志语

  similarly, likewise, in similar fashion, in similar way, in the same matter, just as

  5. 列举标记语

  one… another…still another, first…second…third

  6. 举例标志语

  for example, as an example, as an instance, take…as an example, let me cite… as a proof




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